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SURVEY:
What do you want to know about breathing? Answered in our newsletter

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Exercise Performance Improves in Patients with COPD Due to Respiratory Muscle Endurance Training

Medical Center Leeuwarden, PO Box 888, 8901 BR Leeuwarden, The Netherlands. R.J.H.Koppers@ZNB.nl

BACKGROUND: Impaired exercise tolerance is frequently observed in patients with COPD. Respiratory muscle endurance training can be used to improve respiratory muscle function and probably exercise capacity. RMET is not applied on a large scale because complicated equipment is needed to maintain carbon dioxide homeostasis during hypernea, which can also be done by enlarging the dead space of the ventilatory system by breathing through a tube. Therefore, tube breathing might be a new, inexpensive method for home-based RMET. The aim of this study was to assess whether home-based RMET by means of tube breathing improves endurance exercise performance in patients with COPD.

METHODS: We randomized 36 patients with moderate-to-severe COPD to RMET by paced tube breathing (n = 18) or sham training (control, n = 18). Both groups trained twice daily for 15 min, 7 days per week, for 5 weeks.

RESULTS: Patients receiving RMET showed significant improvements in endurance exercise capacity (constant-load exercise on cycle ergometry; 18 min vs 28 min, p < 0.001), in perception of dyspnea (Borg score; 8.4 vs 5.4, p < 0.001), and respiratory muscle endurance capacity (sustainable inspiratory pressure; 25 cm H(2)O vs 31 cm H(2)O, p = 0.005). Quality of life (chronic respiratory disease questionnaire) also improved (78.7 to 86.6, p = 0.001). The control group showed no significant changes.

CONCLUSION: Home-based RMET by means of tube breathing leads to a significant improvement of endurance exercise capacity, a reduction in perception of dyspnea, and PMID: 16608934 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Dyspnoea in COPD: can inspiratory muscle training help?

Hill K, Jenkins SC, Hillman DR, Eastwood PR.

Department of Pulmonary Physiology, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, WA 6009, Australia.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive, common and costly condition. Dyspnoea frequently limits activity and reduces health-related quality of life. In addition to impaired lung function, peripheral muscle deconditioning and respiratory muscle dysfunction also contribute to dyspnoea and reduced exercise capacity. Pulmonary rehabilitation using whole body exercise training improves peripheral muscle function and reduces dyspnoea but does not improve respiratory muscle function. Providing that adequate training intensities are utilised, specific loading of the inspiratory muscles with commercially available hand-held devices can improve inspiratory muscle strength and endurance. Several studies have investigated the effects of inspiratory muscle training on dyspnoea in COPD subjects. Results of these studies are conflicting, most likely reflecting methodological shortcomings including insufficient training load, insensitive outcome measures, and inadequate statistical power. This paper describes the origin of dyspnoea in COPD, with particular attention given to the role of inspiratory muscle dysfunction in its genesis and its possible amelioration through inspiratory muscle training.

PMID: 15482248 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

From Mike:
Our diaphragm strengthener (DS) included in the Breathing Kit is not represented to replace the above exercise regimens but it may well give similar benefits. If these programs are not accessible to you we highly recommend using the DS .
You should know quickly whether it is helping you and it probably will.

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An MD recommends  Optimal Breathing


 

Optimal Breathing 
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The breathing improvement techniques, practices and products outlined in this publication are extremely gentle, and should, if carried out as described, be beneficial
to your overall physical and psychological health. If you have any serious medical or psychological problem, however, such as heart disease, high blood pressure,
cancer, mental illness, or recent abdominal or chest surgery, you should consult your health professional before undertaking these practices.

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