Consulting Home Page
Practitioner training -
Website Home Page
Free Breathing Tests
Self Help Program
#1000. The BP CapnoTrainer.
The Best in Biofeedback. Portable, affordable, durable, easy to
use, developed over 40 years by a
University Professor of Biofeedback and physiology. CO2, EMG, EEG, HRV options.
Buy a CapnoTrainer now I
can show you how I use it or you can take a certification
There is as well an advanced degree course below.
Call me for more info and an online video overview. 704.597.6775 EST 10 am-6 pm
A unique learning
instrument with paper
trail capability of training and monitoring a patient client's breathing and
MUCH MORE. I
have used this for over 10 years. Dr. Litchfield has done a masterful job
creating an easy to use, ultra sensitive instrument with over 10 million
dollars worth of software. It is often indispensable. Anyone from fiofeedback therapists to yoga classes or schools can use this incredible
Capnometer & Capnometry
Assessing for and training to achieve
optimal blood oxygen. We use this it to expose and measure intensity of obvious
or hidden hyperventilation. We use it in conjunction with our many
other breathing assessment factors partly listed at
consulting before and after our breathing
development sessions for another measure of progress.
Did you know that overbreathing (CO2 deficiency) can trigger or
exacerbate physical and psychological complaints such as:
shortness of breath, breathlessness, chest tightness & pressure, chest pain,
feelings of suffocation, sweaty palms, cold hands, tingling of the skin,
numbness, heart palpitations, irregular heart beat, anxiety, apprehension,
emotional outbursts, stress, tenseness, fatigue, weakness, exhaustion, dry
mouth, nausea, light-headedness, dizziness, fainting, black-out, blurred
vision, confusion, disorientation, attention deficit, poor thinking, poor
memory, poor concentration, impaired judgment, problem solving deficit,
reduced pain threshold, headache, trembling, twitching, shivering, muscle
tension, spasm, stiffness, abdominal cramps and bloatedness.
Did you know that in predisposed individuals, overbreathing
(CO2 deficiency) may trigger or exacerbate:
phobias (e.g., public speaking), migraine phenomena, hypertension, attention
disorder, asthma attacks, angina attacks, heart attacks, panic attacks,
hypoglycemia, ischemia (e.g., brain cell death), depression, epileptic
seizures, sexual dysfunction, sleep disturbances, allergy, irritable bowel
syndrome, repetitive strain injury, and chronic fatigue.
If you are a trainer or a self-management coach, the Trainer may be an important adjunctive tool for:
peak performance training, relaxation training, attention and &
concentration training, alertness training, breathing training of any kind,
meditation training, patient education, stress management,
Download specifications and pricing
Order form Call
Mike to learn how he uses it 704.597.6775 EST 10am-6 pm
- Hess DR, Branson RD. Noninvasive respiratory monitoring equipment. In:
Branson RD, Hess DR, Chatburn RL, eds. Respiratory care equipment.
Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1994:184-216.
- Block FE, McDonald JS. Sidestream versus mainstream carbon dioxide
analyzers. J Clin Monit 1992;8:139-141.
- O'Flaherty D. Capnometry. London: BMJ Publishing Group, 1994:21-54.
- VanWagenen RA, Westenskow DR, Benner RE, Gregonis DE, Coleman DL.
Dedicated monitoring of anesthetic and respirator gases by Raman
scattering. J Clin Monit 1986;2:215-222.
- Carlon GC, Ray C, Miodownik S, Kopec I, Groeger JS. Capnography in
mechanically ventilated patients. Crit Care Med 1988;16(5):550-556.
- Gravenstein N, Good ML. Noninvasive assessment of cardiopulmonary
function. In: Civetta JM, Taylor RW, Kirby RR. (ed) Critical Care.
Lippincott, Philadelphia. 1988:291-311.
- Yamanaka MK, Sue DY. Comparison of arterial-end-tidal PCO2 difference
and dead space/tidal volume ratio in respiratory failure. Chest
- Poppius H, Korhonen O, Viljanen AA, Kreus KE. Arterial to end-tidal
CO2 difference in respiratory disease. Scand J Respir Dis
- Burrows FA. Physiologic dead space, venous admixture, and the arterial
to end-tidal carbon dioxide difference in infants and children
undergoing cardiac surgery. Anesthesiology 1989;70(2):219-225.
- Kern KB, Sanders, AB, Voorhees, WD, Babbs CF, Tacker WA, Ewy GA.
Changes in expired end-tidal carbon dioxide during cardiopulmonary
resuscitation in dogs: a prognostic guide for resuscitation effort. J Am
Coll Cardiol 1989;13(5):1184-1189.
- Sanders AB, Atlas M, Ewy GA, Kern KB, Bragg S. Expired PCO2 as an
index of coronary perfusion pressure. Am J Emerg Med 1985;3(2):147-149.
- Eichhorn JH, Cooper JB, Cullen DJ, Maier WR, Philip JH, Seeman RG.
Standards for patient monitoring during anesthesia at Harvard Medical
School. JAMA 1986; 256(8):1017-1020.
- Birmingham PK, Cheney FW, Ward RJ. Esophageal intubation: A review of
detection techniques. Anesth Analg 1986;65(8):886-891.
- Sanders AB. Capnometry in emergency medicine. Ann Emerg Med
- Murray JP, Modell JH. Early detection of endotracheal tube accidents
by monitoring carbon dioxide concentration in respiratory gas.
- Roberts WA, Maniscalco AR et al. The use of capnography for
recognition of esophageal intubation in the neonatal intensive care
unit. Pediatr Pulmonol 1995; 19:262.
- Graybeal JM, Russell GB. Capnometry in the surgical ICU: an analysis
of the arterial-to-end-tidal carbon dioxide difference. Respir Care
- Braman SS, Dunn SM, Amico CA, Millman RP. Complications of
intrahospital transport of critically ill patients. Ann Internal Med
- Morley TF, Giaimo J, Maroszan E, Bermingham J, Gordon R, Griesback R,
Zappasodi SJ, Giudice JC. Use of capnography for assessment of the
adequacy of alveolar ventilation during weaning from mechanical
ventilation. Am Rev Respir Dis 1993;148(2):339-344.
- Kalenda Z. The capnogram as a guide to the efficacy of cardiac
massage. Resuscitation 1978;6(4):259-263.
- Sanders AB, Ewy GA, Bragg S, Atlas M, Kern KB. Expired pCO2 as
prognostic indicator of successful resuscitation from cardiac arrest.
Ann Emerg Med 1985;14 (10):948-952.
- Shibutani K, Muraoka M, Shirasaki S, Kubal K, Sanchala VT, Gupte P. Do
changes in end-tidal PCO2 quantitatively reflect changes in cardiac
output? Anesth Analg 1994;79(5):829-833.
- Fatigante L, Cartei F, Ducci F, Marini C, Predilletto R, Caciagli P,
Laddaga M. Carbogen breathing in patients with gliblastoma multiforme
submitted to radiotherapy: assessment of gas exchange parameters. Acta
- Bhavani-Shankar K, Moseley H, Kumar AY, Delphi Y. Capnometry and
anesthesia. Can J Anesth 1992;39(6): 617-632.
- Szaflarski NL, Cohen NH. Use of capnography in critically ill adults.
Heart Lung 1991;20(4):363-374. Erratum Heart Lung 1991 Nov;20(6):630.
- Hess D. Capnometry and capnography: Technical aspects, physiologic
aspects, and clinical applications. Respir Care 1990;35:557-573.
- Isert P. Control of carbon dioxide levels during neuroanesthesia:
current practice and an appraisal of our reliance upon capnography.
Anaesth Intensive Care 1994; 22(4):435-441.
- Jellinek H, Hiesmayr M, Simon P, Klepetko W, Haider W. Arterial to
end-tidal CO2 tension difference after bilateral lung transplantation.
Crit Care Med 1993;21 (7):1035-1040.
- Russell GB, Graybeal JM. End-tidal carbon dioxide as an indicator of
arterial carbon dioxide in neurointensive care patients. J Neurosurg
- Russell GB, Graybeal JM. Reliability of the arterial to end-tidal
carbon dioxide gradient in mechanically ventilated patients with
multisystem trauma. J Trauma 1994; 36(3):317-322.
- Russell GB, Graybeal JM. The arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide
difference in neurosurgical patients during craniotomy. Anesth Analg
- Hess D, Schlottag A, Levin B, Mathai J, Rexrode WO. An evaluation of
the usefulness of end-tidal PCO2 to aid weaning from mechanical
ventilation following cardiac surgery. Respir Care 1991;36:837-843.
- Ammann ECB, Galvin RD. Problems associated with the determination of
carbon dioxide by infrared absorption. J Appl Physiol
- Severinghaus JW, Larson CP, Eger EI. Correction factors for infrared
carbon dioxide pressure broadening by nitrogen, nitrous oxide and
cyclopropane. Anesthesiology 1961;22:429-432.
- Perkin-Elmer MGA 1100 Operation and Maintenance Manual. 1982:6-26.
- From RP, Scamman FL. Ventilatory frequency influences accuracy of
end-tidal CO2 70.
- Graybeal JM, Russell GB. Relative agreement between Raman and Mass
Spectrometry for measuring end-tidal carbon dioxide. Respir Care
- Elliott WR, Raemer DB, Goldman DB, Philip JH. The effects of
bronchodilator-inhaler aerosol propellants on respiratory gas monitors.
J Clin Monit 1991;7:175-180.
- Society of Critical Care Medicine: Task force on guidelines.
Recommendations for services and personnel for delivery of care in a
critical care setting. Crit Care Med 1988;16(8):809-811.
- Centers for Disease Control. Update: Universal Precautions for
prevention of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B
virus, and other bloodborne pathogens in health-care settings. MMWR
- Centers for Disease Control. Guidelines for preventing the
transmission of tuberculosis in health-care settings, with special focus
on HIV-related tissues. MMWR 1990;39(RR-17):1-29.
Download a PDF about specifications and pricing